How to Design a Garden From Scratch

Garden can be an overgrown expanse or blank slate, but with careful planning it can become your perfect outdoor living space. Begin with big things like walls, boundaries and patios which may cost more than expected to construct. Save these projects until you have more money available for construction.


Start with a plan

No matter whether your aim is to plant fragrant florals, create an edible garden, or enhance your outdoor living space with stunning hardscape features, proper planning of any project is essential to success. Planning ahead helps prevent costly errors from being made while meeting goals quickly - as well as guaranteeing that plants chosen fit into their respective climate zones successfully.

Design your garden using pen and paper or software designed specifically for this task. No matter which approach you take, however, starting off with a scaled drawing of the entire garden is key to making an accurate assessment. This will enable you to measure its dimensions, layout and sun/shade exposure. Furthermore, you can estimate how many plants will need to fill borders or individual sections of yard space.


Once you have an understanding of your ideal garden size and layout, the next step should be incorporating its different elements. For instance, perennials and shrubs could co-exist peacefully in one border while flowers of one variety might dominate another border entirely. A well-planned garden will ensure its plants complement one another for a consistent appearance throughout the year.

Consider both the height and color of plants you intend to include in your garden when choosing plants to add. For instance, Echinacea and Peonies grow into sky-high flowers while Dianthus or Lamium make spreading mats; ornamental grasses have sculptural forms; Viburnum or Lavender create beautiful arching fountains in the form of shrubs; while an experienced garden designer will know which combinations of plants work best in your space.

Last, take into consideration how much maintenance is involved with your garden project. Do you desire an easy garden that needs minimal upkeep, or an ambitious one with complex demands? Your choice will determine both plants used and level of gardening expertise necessary.

An effective garden must complement its surroundings and match the style of your home. An intricate garden designed as its own self-contained unit stands out, while it requires more upkeep than simple borders planted among existing hedges or shrubs.

An effective garden is one that can withstand the challenges of its region's climate, taking into account factors like soil moisture, sun exposure, wind direction and weather patterns to account for. These elements will determine which plants and lawns can grow successfully in your garden as well as the level of effort you need to put into watering, mowing and pruning efforts.

Build a garden house

As part of your garden design from scratch process, it's essential that you factor in both budget and lifestyle considerations. For instance, if you have limited space it would be wise to opt for simpler designs with limited hard landscaping materials; this will cut costs while helping achieve more successful results. It is also wise not to overcrowd your garden with plants as this may lead to poor growth and disease issues; try square foot gardening instead as this method allows you to plant vegetables neatly without overcrowding!

Consideration should also be given to the location of your garden as this will have an impactful influence on its style and size. For instance, if you wish to grow flowers nearer to home can make everyday chores such as dish-rinsing less of a tedious experience when they can view beautiful blooms thriving outside their window! To accomplish such task one should definitely consider the benefits of Winnipeg windows as the ideal solution for this scenario given the guarantees in respect to climate control and energy efficiency; this will help ensure superior garden growth and quality throughout the year. On top of that, if you’re a Canadian resident, don't forget to take advantage of Canada's Greener Home Grant for a better tomorrow! This grant can be used to help cover the cost of replacing windows with the most energy efficient ones.

Working with a professional garden designer is often beneficial. He or she can assist in coming up with designs that meet both your needs and budget, suggest suitable plants for your garden and ways to maximize available space, such as including a shed.


Before beginning work on your garden, it is essential that you collect all the required materials and tools. This includes lumber and roofing supplies as well as power tools like drills and screwdrivers - essential items if you want your project finished on schedule! It is vital that all these supplies be on hand before beginning, otherwise delays could arise that impede progress.

Once your site plan is in place, the next step should be laying out your garden foundations. Creative sloping garden ideas may come in handy at this stage as will fencing or boundary planting options; additionally it would be wise to consider any features like greenhouse ideas or garden rooms you might like to include in the space.

At this stage, it's advisable to pay attention to both shade and sun conditions in your garden, as these will dictate which plants can thrive there. For instance, shade-loving trees should be planted in shaded corners while using trellis panels can train vines like melons or kiwis to climb vertical walls instead of spreading outward. Furthermore, it's essential that enough room be left for your favorite plants while leaving enough space for functions such as compost bins or garden sheds.

Windows for this house

Designing an outdoor space to complement your home perfectly is a rewarding challenge, whether simple or complex - from lawns for lounging and relaxing, vegetable gardens, and more! However, this process must also include careful planning and ongoing maintenance in order for it to flourish successfully - here are some points to keep in mind when creating your garden design.

After carefully considering both the site and your own needs, select an ideal location. Ideally, this should be somewhere you spend much of your time outdoors or where you pass often such as near the back door, near a window, along the driveway or by the pool - this will encourage lingering long enough to appreciate the fragrance of flowers or hearing grasses and shrubs rustle gently in the breeze.

Next, determine how much sun the site receives; it should receive at least six hours of direct sun daily ideally; otherwise you may require shading elements like pergolas or shrubs and trees to screen out some parts of your garden from direct sun. Also take into consideration whether you wish to grow edibles that require regular upkeep and pruning to remain productive as well as ornamental plantings that should complement one another for best results.


Consider what you require from your garden, such as play space for kids or privacy screening, in order to narrow down your selection of plants to those which best fulfill these goals. If unsure where to start, professional garden designers or landscaping firms may charge either an hourly rate per squared metre or a percentage of home value as their fees.

Making the most of your budget, designing your garden in stages can save money and effort. By starting with the more costly elements (retaining walls, steps/ramps/boundaries/paths/patios and terraces etc) first and focusing on these first will allow you to maximize the use of durable materials that suit climate conditions in your region (brick matching the color of your house/colonial-style materials etc).

Gardena myGarden is an ideal tool to use when developing a garden plan. Free and adaptable to fit your specific garden layout, it allows users to visualize sprinkler systems as well as estimate water requirements for healthy, beautiful gardens. Furthermore, use the VegPlotter website for planning vegetable plots.

How to Design a Garden From Scratch
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Tina Martino

My passion is gardening. Along with my husband and children, each year we grow a garden large enough to provide our family of five with over half of our needed produce. Besides vegetables and a small berry patch, I also focus my attention on beautifying our home with strategically placed flowers, herbs, and flowering plants. Gardening is more than just a hobby; it is a way of life.

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